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【Java】(报错解决)No bean class specified on bean definition

关键词

spring Java eclipse bean 多例模式 prototype 懒加载 lazy-init

写在前面

  • 功能简述:对于多例模式的懒加载配置是否生效的测试。
  • 刚接触,摸索中,低级错误,只是做个记录,轻喷。

(有错误)Xml配置文件(片段)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd ">
<!-- 对于多例模式,即便加了懒加载配置也没用 -->
<bean id="myFactoryPrototypeExample" class="instance.BeanInstanceFactory"
scope="prototype" lazy-init="false"/>
<bean id="instanceFactoryInstancePrototypeExample" factory-bean="myFactoryPrototypeExample"
scope="prototype" lazy-init="false"/>
</beans>

运行的测试代码

package test;
import java.util.Calendar;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;
import instance.BeanClass;
import instance.Person;
import instance.User;
public class TestInstance {
//对于多例模式,默认懒加载,即便设置lazy-init="false"也无效
@Test
public void test06(){
ApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("applicationContext.xml");
System.out.println("获取对象前");
//参数是xml中待创建的对象的id
BeanClass bc3 = (BeanClass)context.getBean("instanceFactoryInstancePrototypeExample");
System.out.println(bc3+bc3.message);
}
}

解决

  • 思路:检查xml配置文件
  • 原因:xml配置文件有误。
  • 解决:最后一个bean标签少写了factory-method属性。

(正确的)Xml配置文件(片段)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd ">
<!-- 对于多例模式,即便加了懒加载配置也没用 -->
<bean id="myFactoryPrototypeExample" class="instance.BeanInstanceFactory"
scope="prototype" lazy-init="false"/>
<!--下面这里少写了factory-method-->
<bean id="instanceFactoryInstancePrototypeExample" factory-bean="myFactoryPrototypeExample"
factory-method="createBeanClassInstance" scope="prototype" lazy-init="false"/>
</beans>

包结构

【Java】(报错解决)No bean class specified on bean definition

(补充)BeanInstanceFactory类

package instance;
public class BeanInstanceFactory {
public BeanInstanceFactory(){
System.out.println("我是一个实例工厂");
}
public BeanClass createBeanClassInstance(){
return new BeanClass("调用实例工厂方法实例化Bean");
}
}

(补充)BeanClass类

package instance;
public class BeanClass {
public String message;
public BeanClass() {
this.message = "构造方法实例化Bean";
}
public BeanClass(String message) {
this.message = message;
}
}

运行结果

【Java】(报错解决)No bean class specified on bean definition

参考

org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException:No bean class specified on bean definition

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