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Java Web项目中使用Socket通信多线程、长连接的方法

很多时候在javaweb项目中我们需要用到Socket通信来实现功能,在web中使用Socket我们需要建立一个监听程序,在程序启动时,启动socket监听。我们的应用场景是在java项目中,需要外接如一个硬件设备,通过tcp通信,获取设备传上来的数据,并对数据做回应。

先看一下web的监听代码:

import javax.servlet.ServletContextEvent;
import javax.servlet.ServletContextListener;
public class AttendSocetListener implements ServletContextListener{
private SocketThread socketThread;
public void contextDestroyed(ServletContextEvent arg) { 
if(null!=socketThread && !socketThread.isInterrupted()) 
{ 
socketThread.closeSocketServer(); 
socketThread.interrupt(); 
} 
} 
@Override 
public void contextInitialized(ServletContextEvent arg) { 
// TODO Auto-generated method stub 
if(null==socketThread) 
{ 
//新建线程类 
socketThread=new SocketThread(null); 
//启动线程 
socketThread.start(); 
} 
} 
}

创建线程:

import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.ServerSocket;
import java.net.Socket;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
public class SocketThread extends Thread
{
private ServerSocket serverSocket = null; 
public SocketThread(ServerSocket serverScoket){ 
try { 
if(null == serverSocket){ 
this.serverSocket = new ServerSocket(); 
System.out.println("socket start"); 
} 
} catch (Exception e) { 
System.out.println("SocketThread创建socket服务出错"); 
e.printStackTrace(); 
} 
} 
public void run(){ 
while(true){ 
try { 
if(serverSocket==null){
break;
}else if(serverSocket.isClosed()){
break;
}
Socket socket = serverSocket.accept(); 
if(null != socket && !socket.isClosed()){ 
//处理接受的数据 
Thread t = new Thread(new SocketOperate(socket)); 
t.start(); 
}else{
break;
}
}catch (Exception e) { 
System.out.println("SocketThread创建socket服务出错"); 
e.printStackTrace(); 
} 
} 
} 
public void closeSocketServer(){ 
try { 
if(null!=serverSocket && !serverSocket.isClosed()) 
{ 
serverSocket.close(); 
} 
} catch (IOException e) { 
// TODO Auto-generated catch block 
e.printStackTrace(); 
} 
} 
}

处理接受到的数据:

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.net.Socket;
public class SocketOperate implements Runnable { 
private Socket socket; 
//该线程所处理的Socket所对应的输入流 
BufferedReader br = null; 
String str = null; 
String content = null; 
InputStreamReader reader=null; 
public SocketOperate(Socket socket) throws IOException 
{ 
this.socket = socket; 
reader = new InputStreamReader(this.socket.getInputStream(),"utf-"); 
br = new BufferedReader(reader); 
} 
@Override 
public void run() 
{ 
try 
{ 
// 采用循环不断从Socket中读取客户端发送过来的数据 
while (true) 
{ 
content = readFromClient(); 
System.out.println(content);
if (content == null) 
{ 
break; 
} 
OutputStream os = socket.getOutputStream(); 
os.write(("RES, OK,<年班,小明>, ,#" + "\n").getBytes("utf-")); 
os.flush();
} 
} 
catch (IOException e) 
{ 
e.printStackTrace(); 
} 
} 
//定义读取客户端数据的方法 
private String readFromClient() 
{ 
try 
{ 
str = br.readLine(); 
return str; 
} 
//如果捕捉到异常,表明该Socket对应的客户端已经关闭 
catch (IOException e) 
{ 
try {
br.close();
reader.close();
socket.close();
} catch (IOException e) {
// TODO Auto-generated catch block
e.printStackTrace();
} 
} 
return null; 
} 
}

客户端代码:

package
import java.io.*;
import java.net.*;
public class TalkClient {
public static void main(String args[]) throws UnknownHostException, IOException {
Socket socket=new Socket("...",);
PrintWriter os=new PrintWriter(socket.getOutputStream());
BufferedReader is=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(socket.getInputStream()));
int i=;
while(socket.isConnected()){
os.print("BEAT,,,,.,,#"+"\n");
os.flush();
System.out.println("Client:"+i);
System.out.println("Server:"+is.readLine());
i++;
} 
//继续循环
os.close(); //关闭Socket输出流
is.close(); //关闭Socket输入流
socket.close(); //关闭Socket
}
}

以上所述是小编给大家介绍的Java Web项目中使用Socket通信多线程、长连接的方法,希望对大家有所帮助!

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