nginx安装及配置支持php的教程(全)

pcre-7.8.tar.gz  正则表达式下载地址:ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/  nginx-0.7.26.tar下载地址:http://www.nginx.net/   php-5.2.6.tar.bz2下载地址:http://www.php.net/releases/  php-5.2.6-fpm-0.5.9.diff.gz  php-fpm是为PHP打的一个FastCGI管理补丁,可以平滑变更php.ini配置而无需重启php-cgi下载地址:http://php-fpm.anight.org/  注:PHP的版本要和fpm的版本一致mysql-5.0.67.tar.gz  Discuz!_6.0.0_SC_UTF8.zip1、安装pcre

复制代码 代码如下:
# tar -zxvf pcre-7.8.tar.gz  # cd pcre-7.8  # ./configure  # make && make install

2、安装Nginx

复制代码 代码如下:
# tar -zxvf nginx-0.7.26.tar.gz  # cd nginx-0.7.26  # ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx  # make && make install启动nginx# /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx  停止nginx# kill -QUIT `cat /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid`  重启nginxkill -HUP `cat /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid`  添加到自启动# echo "/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx">>/etc/rc.local

3、安装mysql

复制代码 代码如下:
# tar -zxvf mysql-5.0.67.tar.gz  # cd mysql-5.0.67  # groupadd mysql  # useradd -g mysql -s /sbin/nologin -M mysql  # ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mysql --with-charset=gbk --with-extra-charset=all --enable-hread-safe-client --enable-local-infile --with-low-memory  # make && make install  # cp support-files/my-medium.cnf  /etc/my.cnf  # chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/mysql/  # /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql # chown -R root.root /usr/local/mysql/  # chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/mysql/var/启动数据库服务,并添加到自启动:# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql &  #cp  support-files/mysql.server  /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld  #chmod  755  /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld加入自动启动服务队列:#chkconfig --add mysqld  #chkconfig  --level  345  mysqld  on添加root密码  # /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password "123456"  测试一下:# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -u root -p输入密码:123456,看能不能进入到数据库配置库文件搜索路径:# echo "/usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql">>/etc/ld.so.conf  # ldconfig  # ldconfig -v  添加/usr/local/mysql/bin到环境变量PATH中  #echo "export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin">>/etc/profile  #source /etc/profile

4、安装PHP

这里产生的是可执行文件,和apache的不一样,和apache结合的时候产生的是动态库

复制代码 代码如下:
# tar -jxvf php-5.2.6.tar.bz2  # gzip -cd php-5.2.6-fpm-0.5.9.diff.gz |patch -d php-5.2.6 -p1  # cd php-5.2.6  # ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --enable-fastcgi --enable-fpm   --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc --enable-force-cgi-redirect  # make && make install  # cp php.ini-recommended /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini  # vi /usr/local/php/php-fpm.conf

(1)<value name="listen_address">127.0.0.1:9000</value>修改为<value name="listen_address">IP:9000</value>  //本机就用默认的127.0.0.1 

(2)下面这两行去掉注释并修改 <value name="sendmail_path">/usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i</value> <value name="display_errors">1</value> (3)<value name="user">nobody</value>   //去注释  (4)<value name="group">nobody</value>  //去注释  (5)<value name="allowed_clients">127.0.0.1</value>   //允许连接的PC,本机就用127.0.0.1 启动php-fpm# /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm start添加到自启动# echo "/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm start">>/etc/rc.local

5、修改Linux Nginx的配置文件,支持PHP

复制代码 代码如下:
# vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf  user  nobody;  worker_processes  8;  pid  /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid;  worker_rlimit_nofile 1024;  events  {use epoll;  worker_connections 1024;}  http{  include   mime.types;  default_type  application/octet-stream;  server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;  client_header_buffer_size 32k;  large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;  client_max_body_size 8m;sendfile on;  tcp_nopush on;  keepalive_timeout 60;  tcp_nodelay on;  fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;  fastcgi_send_timeout 300;  fastcgi_read_timeout 300;  fastcgi_buffer_size 64k;  fastcgi_buffers 4 64k;  fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k;  fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 128k;  gzip on;  gzip_min_length  1k;  gzip_buffers 4 16k;  gzip_http_version 1.0;  gzip_comp_level 2;  gzip_types   text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;  gzip_vary on;  server {  listen   80;  server_name  www.abcdefg.com;  root   /var/www/blog;  index  index.html index.htm index.php;  location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$ {  root   html;  fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;  fastcgi_index  index.php;  fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /var/www/blog$fastcgi_script_name;  includefastcgi_params;}  location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf)$  {expires  30d;}  location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$  {expires  1h;} log_format  access  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '  '"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for';  access_log  /var/logs/access.log  access;}}

注:server部分为PHP虚拟主机127.0.0.1:9000为fastcgi的PC,我这里用的本机/var/www/blog$fastcgi_script_name; 为PHP网页保存的目录测试配置文件:# /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t

6、优化Linux内核参数# vi /etc/sysctl.conf  在末尾增加以下内容: 

复制代码 代码如下:
net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 30 net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 300 net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1 net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1 net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1 net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 500065000

使配置立即生效:# /sbin/sysctl -p。

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