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理中客Linux干货| 使用Nginx创建一个私人网盘

前言

使用Nginx搭建一个私人网盘

安装Nginx

增加 Nginx 官方源

cat << EOF > /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo
[nginx-stable]
name=nginx stable repo
baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/centos/\$releasever/\$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
enabled=1
gpgkey=https://nginx.org/keys/nginx_signing.key
module_hotfixes=true
[nginx-mainline]
name=nginx mainline repo
baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/mainline/centos/\$releasever/\$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=https://nginx.org/keys/nginx_signing.key
module_hotfixes=true
EOF

EPEL 源中的 nginx.service 由于 KILL 参数问题,启动后无法停止,不建议使用。

安装Nginx

yum install -y nginx

备份Nginx配置文件

echo y|cp /etc/nginx/nginx.conf /etc/nginx/nginx.conf.default

修改 nginx.conf

cat << EOF > /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
# For more information on configuration, see:
#   * Official English Documentation: http://nginx.org/en/docs/
#   * Official Russian Documentation: http://nginx.org/ru/docs/
user nginx;
worker_processes auto;
error_log  /var/log/nginx/error.log warn;
pid        /var/run/nginx.pid;
worker_rlimit_nofile 65535;
events {
worker_connections 65535;
}
http {
include             /etc/nginx/mime.types;
default_type        application/octet-stream;
log_format  main  '\$host \$server_port \$remote_addr - \$remote_user [\$time_local] "\$request" '
'\$status \$request_time \$body_bytes_sent "\$http_referer" '
'"\$http_user_agent" "\$http_x_forwarded_for"';
access_log  /var/log/nginx/access.log  main;
sendfile            on;
tcp_nopush          on;
tcp_nodelay         on;
keepalive_timeout   65;
types_hash_max_size 2048;
server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
server_name_in_redirect off;
client_header_buffer_size 32k;
large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;
client_header_timeout  3m;
client_body_timeout    3m;
client_max_body_size 50m;
client_body_buffer_size 256k;
send_timeout           3m;
gzip  on;
gzip_min_length  1k;
gzip_buffers     4 16k;
gzip_http_version 1.0;
gzip_comp_level 2;
gzip_types text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;
gzip_vary on;
proxy_redirect off;
proxy_set_header Host \$host;
proxy_set_header X-Real-IP \$remote_addr;
proxy_set_header REMOTE-HOST \$remote_addr;
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For \$proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
proxy_connect_timeout 60;
proxy_send_timeout 60;
proxy_read_timeout 60;
proxy_buffer_size 256k;
proxy_buffers 4 256k;
proxy_busy_buffers_size 256k;
proxy_temp_file_write_size 256k;
proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_503 http_404;
proxy_max_temp_file_size 128m;
#让代理服务端不要主动关闭客户端的连接,协助处理499返回代码问题
proxy_ignore_client_abort on;
fastcgi_buffer_size 64k;
fastcgi_buffers 4 64k;
fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k;
index index.html index.htm index.php default.html default.htm default.php;
# Load modular configuration files from the /etc/nginx/conf.d directory.
# See http://nginx.org/en/docs/ngx_core_module.html#include
# for more information.
include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
}
EOF

增加默认Host

mkdir /etc/nginx/conf.d
cat << EOF > /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf
server {
listen       80 default_server;
listen       [::]:80 default_server;
server_name  _;
root         /usr/share/nginx/html;
# Load configuration files for the default server block.
include /etc/nginx/default.d/*.conf;
location / {
}
error_page 404 /404.html;
location = /40x.html {
}
error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
}
}
EOF

启动Nginx

systemctl start nginx

增加开机启动

systemctl enable nginx

查看Nginx状态

# systemctl status nginx
● nginx.service - nginx - high performance web server
Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
Active: active (running) since Mon 2020-05-25 05:50:22 EDT; 7s ago
Docs: http://nginx.org/en/docs/
CGroup: /system.slice/nginx.service
├─1853 nginx: master process /usr/sbin/nginx -c /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
└─1854 nginx: worker process
May 25 05:50:22 mysql1 systemd[1]: Starting nginx - high performance web server...
May 25 05:50:22 mysql1 systemd[1]: Can't open PID file /var/run/nginx.pid (yet?) after start: No such file or directory
May 25 05:50:22 mysql1 systemd[1]: Started nginx - high performance web server.
# ss -antpl|grep nginx
LISTEN     0      128          *:80                       *:*                   users:(("nginx",pid=1854,fd=6),("nginx",pid=1853,fd=6))
LISTEN     0      128       [::]:80                    [::]:*                   users:(("nginx",pid=1854,fd=7),("nginx",pid=1853,fd=7))

搭建私有网盘

安装密码工具

yum install -y httpd-tools

使用密码工具生成密码文件

htpasswd -c /data/.htpasswd geek (用户名)

增加网盘配置文件

mkdir -p /data/software
cat << EOF > /etc/nginx/conf.d/download.conf
server {
listen       9090 default_server;
server_name  _;
root         /data/software;
# 启用HTTP密码验证
auth_basic "Administrator's password";
auth_basic_user_file /data/.htpasswd;
include /etc/nginx/default.d/*.conf;
location / {
autoindex on;
autoindex_localtime on;
# 设置文件大小显示单位
autoindex_exact_size off;
}
}
EOF

重载Nginx使配置生效

nginx -t && nginx -s reload

向网盘里面增加内容

增加QQ安装包

cd /data/software/
wget https://down.qq.com/qqweb/PCQQ/PCQQ_EXE/PCQQ2020.exe

访问网盘

http://服务器IP地址:9090

输入刚才配置的用户名密码就可以进行访问了

理中客Linux干货| 使用Nginx创建一个私人网盘

理中客Linux干货| 使用Nginx创建一个私人网盘

注意事项

  • 网盘下载文件保存位置:/data/software/

  • 如果是阿里云ECS要去添加安全组规则将9090端口放行

写在最后

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理中客Linux干货| 使用Nginx创建一个私人网盘

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