H5W3
当前位置:H5W3 > java > 正文

【Java】Gateway绑定MQTT实现发布订阅

前言

实现MQTT协议的中间件有很多,本文使用的是企业级 EMQX EnterPrise,不了解的小伙伴可以翻阅之前的博客。这里,主要介绍SpringBoot2.0集成MQTT实现消息推送的功能。

创建项目

创建父工程

打开 idea 点击 File>New>Project 选择Spring Initializr >JDK版本>Next 并按下图创建项目
【Java】Gateway绑定MQTT实现发布订阅
点击 next ,开发者工具 Developer Tools我们勾选前两个,
Web 我们勾选第一个,安全框架和SQL这里暂时不需要勾选,Messaging中间件,我们同样勾选第一个就好,Cloud组件我们也不用勾选。
【Java】Gateway绑定MQTT实现发布订阅

依次点击 next finish创建好项目
【Java】Gateway绑定MQTT实现发布订阅

删除 src ,.gitignore,HELP.md,mvnwmvnw.cmd 目录,本文采用Gateway绑定的方式,需要引入以下依赖:

<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.integration</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-integration-stream</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.integration</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-integration-mqtt</artifactId>
</dependency>

父工程pom文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
<packaging>pom</packaging>
<modules>
<module>springboot_emqx_common</module>
<module>springboot_emqx_publish</module>
<module>springboot_emqx_subscribe</module>
</modules>
<parent>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
<version>2.4.1</version>
<relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
</parent>
<groupId>com.baba.wlb</groupId>
<artifactId>springboot_emqx</artifactId>
<version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
<name>springboot_emqx</name>
<description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>
<properties>
<java.version>1.8</java.version>
</properties>
<dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-integration</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.integration</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-integration-stream</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.integration</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-integration-mqtt</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-devtools</artifactId>
<scope>runtime</scope>
<optional>true</optional>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
<artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
<optional>true</optional>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.integration</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-integration-test</artifactId>
<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
</dependencies>
<build>
<plugins>
<plugin>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
<!--                <configuration>-->
<!--                    <excludes>-->
<!--                        <exclude>-->
<!--                            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>-->
<!--                            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>-->
<!--                        </exclude>-->
<!--                    </excludes>-->
<!--                </configuration>-->
<configuration>
<mainClass>com.baba.wlb.publish.PublishApplication</mainClass>
</configuration>
</plugin>
</plugins>
</build>
</project>

创建子工程

在父工程中点击New>>module>Next 分别创建三个子工程:
springboot_emqx_common
springboot_emqx_publish
springboot_emqx_subscribe
【Java】Gateway绑定MQTT实现发布订阅

springboot_emqx_common

在该模块下新建如下package包
注:(config包下暂时没放公共配置,因为我试过好久,发现丢进来的配置只有主类'mainClass'才能加载到,其他模块加载不到通用配置,不清楚是不是我漏了什么注解,望了解这部分的人多多指教!所以只好拆分配置到各个模块中了)
【Java】Gateway绑定MQTT实现发布订阅

系统常量:Constants.java

package com.baba.wlb.share.common;
/**
* @Author wulongbo
* @Date 2020/12/29 13:50
* @Version 1.0
*/
/**
* 系统常量
*/
public class Constants {
public static final String MQTT_PUBLISH_CHANNEL = "mqttPublishChannel";
public static final String MQTT_SUBSCRIBE_CHANNEL = "mqttSubscribeChannel";
}

Emqx配置类:EmqxMqttProperties.java

package com.baba.wlb.share.properties;
import lombok.Data;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.ConfigurationProperties;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
/**
* @Author wulongbo
* @Date 2020/12/29 11:33
* @Version 1.0
*/
/**
* 配置文件
*/
@Data
@Component
@ConfigurationProperties("wulongbo.mqtt.emqx")
public class EmqxMqttProperties {
private String username;
private String password;
private String hostUrl;
private String clientId;
private String defaultTopic;
private Integer timeout;
private Integer keepAlive;
private Integer qos;
private Integer version;
}

resource资源目录下新建一个 application-common.yml的yml文件。
注:方法一:以application-*.yml的形式命名。 方法二:模块之间并不用写依赖配置,直接在common模块的resource目录,添加一个config文件夹,在里面创建application.yml文件即可
官网是这么介绍的
这里选择第一种方式。

yml配置文件: application-common.yml

wulongbo:
mqtt:
emqx:
username: admin
password: public
#tcp://ip:port
host-url: tcp://39.102.56.91:1883
client-id: wulongbo${random.value}
default-topic: wulongbo_topic
#      default-topic: $SYS/brokers/+/clients/#
timeout: 60
keep-alive: 60
# qos:{0:至多一次的传输 /1:至少分发一次,可重复 /2:只分发一次,不可重复}
qos: 1
version: 4

注:我自身的EMQX 是启用了Mysql认证登录的,并且关闭了匿名登录的哈,所以需要正确的用户名和密码

springboot_emqx_publish

在该模块下新建如下package包
【Java】Gateway绑定MQTT实现发布订阅

config类: EmqxMqttConfig.java

package com.baba.wlb.publish.config;
/**
* @Author wulongbo
* @Date 2020/12/29 11:38
* @Version 1.0
*/
import com.baba.wlb.share.common.Constants;
import com.baba.wlb.share.properties.EmqxMqttProperties;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.MqttConnectOptions;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.integration.annotation.IntegrationComponentScan;
import org.springframework.integration.annotation.ServiceActivator;
import org.springframework.integration.channel.DirectChannel;
import org.springframework.integration.mqtt.core.DefaultMqttPahoClientFactory;
import org.springframework.integration.mqtt.core.MqttPahoClientFactory;
import org.springframework.integration.mqtt.outbound.MqttPahoMessageHandler;
import org.springframework.messaging.MessageChannel;
import org.springframework.messaging.MessageHandler;
import javax.annotation.Resource;
/**
* EMQX配置工具类
*/
@Configuration
@IntegrationComponentScan //消息扫描件
@Slf4j
public class EmqxMqttConfig {
@Resource
private EmqxMqttProperties emqxMqttProperties;
/**
* MQTT的连接
*/
@Bean
public MqttConnectOptions getMqttConnectOptions() {
// 设置相关的属性
MqttConnectOptions mqttConnectOptions = new MqttConnectOptions();
mqttConnectOptions.setUserName(emqxMqttProperties.getUsername());
mqttConnectOptions.setPassword(emqxMqttProperties.getPassword().toCharArray());
mqttConnectOptions.setServerURIs(new String[]{emqxMqttProperties.getHostUrl()});
// 心跳
mqttConnectOptions.setKeepAliveInterval(emqxMqttProperties.getKeepAlive());
mqttConnectOptions.setMqttVersion(emqxMqttProperties.getVersion());
mqttConnectOptions.setConnectionTimeout(emqxMqttProperties.getTimeout());
// 保留/清空曾经连接的客户端信息
mqttConnectOptions.setCleanSession(false);
// qos
String playload = "设备已断开连接";
// 遗嘱消息
mqttConnectOptions.setWill("last_topic", playload.getBytes(), emqxMqttProperties.getQos(), false);
return mqttConnectOptions;
}
/**
* paho factory,mqtt自定义的连接放入factory工厂中
*/
@Bean
public MqttPahoClientFactory getMqttPahoClientFactory() {
DefaultMqttPahoClientFactory defaultMqttPahoClientFactory = new DefaultMqttPahoClientFactory();
defaultMqttPahoClientFactory.setConnectionOptions(getMqttConnectOptions());
return defaultMqttPahoClientFactory;
}
/**
* 开启连接通道
*/
@Bean(name = Constants.MQTT_PUBLISH_CHANNEL)
public MessageChannel getMqttPublishMessageChannel() {
DirectChannel directChannel = new DirectChannel();
return directChannel;
}
//    /**
//     * 开启连接通道
//     */
//    @Bean(name = Constants.MQTT_SUBSCRIBE_CHANNEL)
//    public MessageChannel getMqttSubscribeMessageChannel() {
//        DirectChannel directChannel = new DirectChannel();
//        return directChannel;
//    }
//
//
//
//    /**
//     * 监听topic.订阅者,消费者
//     */
//    @Bean
//    public MessageProducer inbound() {
//        MqttPahoMessageDrivenChannelAdapter mqttPahoMessageDrivenChannelAdapter = new MqttPahoMessageDrivenChannelAdapter(
//                emqxMqttProperties.getClientId() + "_wlb", getMqttPahoClientFactory(), emqxMqttProperties.getDefaultTopic().split(",")
//        );
//        mqttPahoMessageDrivenChannelAdapter.setDisconnectCompletionTimeout(emqxMqttProperties.getTimeout());
//        mqttPahoMessageDrivenChannelAdapter.setConverter(new DefaultPahoMessageConverter());
//        mqttPahoMessageDrivenChannelAdapter.setQos(emqxMqttProperties.getQos());
//        mqttPahoMessageDrivenChannelAdapter.setOutputChannel(getMqttPublishMessageChannel());
//        return mqttPahoMessageDrivenChannelAdapter;
//    }
/**
* 订阅者,消费者
*/
@Bean
@ServiceActivator(inputChannel = Constants.MQTT_PUBLISH_CHANNEL)
public MessageHandler getMessageHandler() {
MqttPahoMessageHandler mqttPahoMessageHandler = new MqttPahoMessageHandler(emqxMqttProperties.getClientId(),getMqttPahoClientFactory());
mqttPahoMessageHandler.setAsync(true);
mqttPahoMessageHandler.setDefaultQos(emqxMqttProperties.getQos());
mqttPahoMessageHandler.setDefaultTopic(emqxMqttProperties.getDefaultTopic());
return mqttPahoMessageHandler;
}
}

controller类: PublishController.java

package com.baba.wlb.publish.controller;
import com.baba.wlb.publish.service.PublishService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
/**
* @Author wulongbo
* @Date 2020/12/29 13:58
* @Version 1.0
*/
/**
* 发送消息的Controller
*/
@RestController
@RequestMapping("/publish")
public class PublishController {
/**
* 注入发布者的service服务
*/
@Autowired
private PublishService publishService;
/**
* 发送消息
*/
@RequestMapping("/emqxPublish")
public String emqxPublish(String data,String topic){
publishService.sendToMqtt(data,topic);
return "success";
}
}

service: PublishService.java

package com.baba.wlb.publish.service;
import com.baba.wlb.share.common.Constants;
import org.springframework.integration.annotation.MessagingGateway;
import org.springframework.integration.mqtt.support.MqttHeaders;
import org.springframework.messaging.handler.annotation.Header;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
/**
* @Author wulongbo
* @Date 2020/12/29 14:00
* @Version 1.0
*/
@MessagingGateway(defaultRequestChannel = Constants.MQTT_PUBLISH_CHANNEL)
@Component
public interface PublishService {
void sendToMqtt(String data, @Header(MqttHeaders.TOPIC) String topic);
void sendToMqtt(String data);
void sendToMqtt(@Header(MqttHeaders.TOPIC)String topic, int qos, String data);
}

注:必须加@Header(MqttHeaders.TOPIC)注解哈

application启动类: PublishApplication.java

package com.baba.wlb.publish;
import com.baba.wlb.share.properties.EmqxMqttProperties;
import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.EnableConfigurationProperties;
/**
* @Author wulongbo
* @Date 2020/12/29 14:04
* @Version 1.0
*/
/**
* emqx 发布者启动程序
*/
@SpringBootApplication
@EnableConfigurationProperties({EmqxMqttProperties.class})
public class PublishApplication {
public static void main(String[] args) {
SpringApplication.run(PublishApplication.class,args);
}
}

注:须加入@EnableConfigurationProperties,才能加载到配置文件

yml文件: application.yml

server:
port: 1001
#spring:
#  profiles:
#    active: common

注:这里我们因为把publish模块设置成为了主类,所以可引入common yml,也可以不引入

springboot_emqx_subscribe

在该模块下新建如下package包
【Java】Gateway绑定MQTT实现发布订阅

config类: EmqxMqttConfig.java

package com.baba.wlb.subscribe.config;
/**
* @Author wulongbo
* @Date 2020/12/29 11:38
* @Version 1.0
*/
import com.baba.wlb.share.common.Constants;
import com.baba.wlb.share.properties.EmqxMqttProperties;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.eclipse.paho.client.mqttv3.MqttConnectOptions;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.integration.annotation.IntegrationComponentScan;
import org.springframework.integration.annotation.ServiceActivator;
import org.springframework.integration.channel.DirectChannel;
import org.springframework.integration.core.MessageProducer;
import org.springframework.integration.mqtt.core.DefaultMqttPahoClientFactory;
import org.springframework.integration.mqtt.core.MqttPahoClientFactory;
import org.springframework.integration.mqtt.inbound.MqttPahoMessageDrivenChannelAdapter;
import org.springframework.integration.mqtt.outbound.MqttPahoMessageHandler;
import org.springframework.integration.mqtt.support.DefaultPahoMessageConverter;
import org.springframework.messaging.MessageChannel;
import org.springframework.messaging.MessageHandler;
import javax.annotation.Resource;
/**
* EMQX配置工具类
*/
@Configuration
@IntegrationComponentScan //消息扫描件
@Slf4j
public class EmqxMqttConfig {
@Resource
private EmqxMqttProperties emqxMqttProperties;
/**
* MQTT的连接
*/
@Bean
public MqttConnectOptions getMqttConnectOptions() {
// 设置相关的属性
MqttConnectOptions mqttConnectOptions = new MqttConnectOptions();
mqttConnectOptions.setUserName(emqxMqttProperties.getUsername());
mqttConnectOptions.setPassword(emqxMqttProperties.getPassword().toCharArray());
mqttConnectOptions.setServerURIs(new String[]{emqxMqttProperties.getHostUrl()});
// 心跳
mqttConnectOptions.setKeepAliveInterval(emqxMqttProperties.getKeepAlive());
mqttConnectOptions.setMqttVersion(emqxMqttProperties.getVersion());
mqttConnectOptions.setConnectionTimeout(emqxMqttProperties.getTimeout());
// 保留/清空曾经连接的客户端信息
mqttConnectOptions.setCleanSession(false);
// qos
String playload = "设备已断开连接";
// 遗嘱消息
mqttConnectOptions.setWill("last_topic", playload.getBytes(), emqxMqttProperties.getQos(), false);
return mqttConnectOptions;
}
/**
* paho factory,mqtt自定义的连接放入factory工厂中
*/
@Bean
public MqttPahoClientFactory getMqttPahoClientFactory() {
DefaultMqttPahoClientFactory defaultMqttPahoClientFactory = new DefaultMqttPahoClientFactory();
defaultMqttPahoClientFactory.setConnectionOptions(getMqttConnectOptions());
return defaultMqttPahoClientFactory;
}
//    /**
//     * 开启连接通道
//     */
//    @Bean(name = Constants.MQTT_PUBLISH_CHANNEL)
//    public MessageChannel getMqttPublishMessageChannel() {
//        DirectChannel directChannel = new DirectChannel();
//        return directChannel;
//    }
/**
* 开启连接通道
*/
@Bean(name = Constants.MQTT_SUBSCRIBE_CHANNEL)
public MessageChannel getMqttSubscribeMessageChannel() {
DirectChannel directChannel = new DirectChannel();
return directChannel;
}
/**
* 监听topic.订阅者,消费者
*/
@Bean
public MessageProducer inbound() {
MqttPahoMessageDrivenChannelAdapter mqttPahoMessageDrivenChannelAdapter = new MqttPahoMessageDrivenChannelAdapter(
emqxMqttProperties.getClientId() + "_wlb", getMqttPahoClientFactory(), emqxMqttProperties.getDefaultTopic().split(",")
);
mqttPahoMessageDrivenChannelAdapter.setDisconnectCompletionTimeout(emqxMqttProperties.getTimeout());
mqttPahoMessageDrivenChannelAdapter.setConverter(new DefaultPahoMessageConverter());
mqttPahoMessageDrivenChannelAdapter.setQos(emqxMqttProperties.getQos());
mqttPahoMessageDrivenChannelAdapter.setOutputChannel(getMqttSubscribeMessageChannel());
return mqttPahoMessageDrivenChannelAdapter;
}
/**
* 发布者,生产者
*/
@Bean
@ServiceActivator(inputChannel = Constants.MQTT_SUBSCRIBE_CHANNEL)
public MessageHandler getMessageHandler() {
MqttPahoMessageHandler mqttPahoMessageHandler = new MqttPahoMessageHandler(emqxMqttProperties.getClientId(),getMqttPahoClientFactory());
mqttPahoMessageHandler.setAsync(true);
mqttPahoMessageHandler.setDefaultQos(emqxMqttProperties.getQos());
mqttPahoMessageHandler.setDefaultTopic(emqxMqttProperties.getDefaultTopic());
return mqttPahoMessageHandler;
}
}

service业务类: SubscribeService.java

package com.baba.wlb.subscribe.service;
import com.baba.wlb.share.common.Constants;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.integration.annotation.ServiceActivator;
import org.springframework.messaging.Message;
import org.springframework.messaging.MessageHandler;
import org.springframework.messaging.MessagingException;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
/**
* @Author wulongbo
* @Date 2020/12/29 14:11
* @Version 1.0
*/
/**
* 订阅者
*/
@Service
public class SubscribeService {
@Bean
@ServiceActivator(inputChannel = Constants.MQTT_SUBSCRIBE_CHANNEL)
public MessageHandler messageHandler() {
MessageHandler messageHandler = new MessageHandler() {
@Override
public void handleMessage(Message<?> message) throws MessagingException {
System.out.println("订阅者订阅消息头是:" + message.getHeaders());
System.out.println("订阅者订阅消息主体是:" + message.getPayload());
}
};
return messageHandler;
}
}

注:我们把MessageHandler放入了专门的server做业务处理,其实放config类也是OK的

application启动类: SubscribeApplication.java

package com.baba.wlb.subscribe;
/**
* @Author wulongbo
* @Date 2020/12/29 14:16
* @Version 1.0
*/
import com.baba.wlb.share.properties.EmqxMqttProperties;
import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.EnableConfigurationProperties;
/**
* 订阅者启动类
*/
@SpringBootApplication
@EnableConfigurationProperties({EmqxMqttProperties.class})
public class SubscribeApplication {
public static void main(String[] args) {
SpringApplication.run(SubscribeApplication.class,args);
}
}

yml配置文件: application.yml

server:
port: 1002
spring:
profiles:
include: common

注:当然我们上面的publish和subscribe模块都是依赖于common模块的我们需要在各个模块上右击--Open Model Settings
【Java】Gateway绑定MQTT实现发布订阅
并按下图依次来添加模块之间的依赖关系
【Java】Gateway绑定MQTT实现发布订阅
最后,我们在分别在 publish和subscribe模块的pom文件中引入common依赖就Ok了

    <dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>com.baba.wlb</groupId>
<artifactId>springboot_emqx_common</artifactId>
<version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
</dependency>
</dependencies>

【Java】Gateway绑定MQTT实现发布订阅
至此,我们多模块用Gateway绑定的方式就集成好了MQTT消息推送和消息订阅功能。

启动项目

分别启动PublishApplicationSubscribeApplication
端口分别为:1001,1002
【Java】Gateway绑定MQTT实现发布订阅

PostMan测试

打开postman:发起Get请求
localhost:1001/publish/emqxPublish?topic=wulongbo_topic&data=我是一条消息
可以看到我们订阅者订阅到了这条消息:
【Java】Gateway绑定MQTT实现发布订阅

至于service业务模块对消息的处理:具体是根据主题来筛选,还是根据playload来区分,看具体的业务场景和设计需要。当然EMQX 有更解耦的方式就是规则引擎来对各个事件响应动作,也有HTTP API供我们调用,读者灵活运用即可。

本文地址:H5W3 » 【Java】Gateway绑定MQTT实现发布订阅

评论 0

  • 昵称 (必填)
  • 邮箱 (必填)
  • 网址